As the youngest member of a lower middle-class family Nazli & Kaan in fact both stand for the male or female version of each other. They basically pose the question of (and answer it at the same time) what would happen to a child from the same family in the same environment and the culture if s/he were born a boy or a girl. Itís actually a real and personal episode from my own life when I discovered I would have been named Kaan if I were born a boy. But instead I was called Nazli as my first name. What would be different in my life if I were born as Kaan? The super ego, described as the internalized representation of the societyís ethics and values as been taught by the by the parents and the others to the child (Rita, Richard Atkinson) is being questioned through the two characters Nazli & Kaan as to show the gender discrimination or differentiation in Turkey.
For instance according to the Atkinsons the males are more likely to take over social roles according to their gender because the so-called masculine activities are more valued where as the so-called feminine activities are punished or approached as taboos by the society. Both sexes try to shape each other in a certain way and they get bored of it. According to research, both male and female children think the girls do the following: they enjoy playing with the dolls, they like to help their mom, they talk a lot, they never hit, they always say ìI need helpî, they become teachers or nurses when they grow up. The same group thinks the boys do the following: they like to play with cars, they like to help their dads, they enjoy building things, they say ìI can beat youî, they become bosses when they grow up. When the lives of the two characters, Nazli & Kaan are observed these activities and societyís reaction to them can be noticed.
The selection of the names (Nazli & Kaan) are personal but they also to emphasize the fact that the naming of a child is something extremely symbolic with historical or cultural references in most of the cases in Turkish context. Besides the traditional Turkish names with the emphasis of the social roles related to gender differences the most recent popular names for children which are said to be ìmodernî names involve the similar attitude like the female names Alsevin (take it and be pleased), Almila (red apple), Bezek (jewelry), Diniz (silent), Olcum (capable), Uzer (the name of one of the Beyazitís daughters meaning makes you sad) or the male ones include Abakay (the name of one of the Turkish tribes), Abay (mastery, talent), Acatay (strong colt), Heper (always courageous), Sagur (respected). Nazli means coy, delicate, and elegant and Kaan means king, sultan, and khan.